The Black Stalker: Fun for Designers Doesn’t Guarantee Fun for Players

Game: World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade
Game Element: The Black Stalker, the final boss of The Underbog
Discipline: Content Design

Now, let’s discuss a deeply seated problem every designer must overcome on their journey to professionalism and a successful career.

Specifically, the challenge of making things that are fun for you as a designer but might not be so fun for the player

Let’s see how I learned this lesson.

The Black Stalker

The black stalkerMe: The Black Stalker is … what?

Metzen: She’s the mother. The mother of all spore walkers in Zangarmarsh.

Think psychic power meets fungus meets those tripods from War of the Worlds.

Me: So what kind of things should she do?

Metzen: Shit. I have no idea, that’s what you’re here to do right.

Maybe she could grab people, shoot lasers out of her eyes, sporify people.

Chris then walked away.  

Me: Hmmm… okay, well that sounds kind of cool. She has lots of arms.

Let me ask Geoff for some ideas too.

Geoff: sup?

Me: I’m trying to come up with ideas for the Black Stalker.

Chris said she should be psychic… but this isn’t exactly pokemon, we don’t really have a psychic kit.

Sidebar: A “kit” is a standard ability package, often used to capture either a gameplay pattern or theme and develop a standard response to a creature type.  

Geoff: Damn… did he like want you to have a brain battle with her or something?

Me: Hahah, perhaps one of those Dragonball sequences where the two beams of power go surging back and forth?

Banter, jokes and terrible ideas are all a standard part of the creative process.

In fact, bad ideas often hold the seeds of good ideas, so long as you’re willing to use them as a stepping stone.

The worst thing you can do for creativity is to focus on rejecting bad ideas while brain storming instead of letting them lead to stronger ones. 

Geoff: Well, I’m not sure exactly what you should do, but the Spore Walkers I’m using in the Lady Vash’j fight cast Chain Lightning.

It would be cool if we pre-taught that idea somewhere else.

Maybe we do lightning instead of psychic kit.

Me: Sure, that’s no problem.

Geoff: It would be really cool if we had grapple tech too – imagine if she could juggle the players in her hands then toss them somewhere.

Me: Oooooooh.  Lets just do that.

Geoff: Wait, what?

Me: Yeah! I’ll just juggle them. This sounds like a great idea, Geoff! *runs off*

Geoff: Wait… what? I didn’t… mean…  well, okay, I guess. I hope I didn’t just create a monster.


I went back to my lair, a small closet-sized office that I shared with Stuart Massie, a QA Liason and began working.

I slapped some chain lightning on the Black Stalker, along with a channeled beam which nuked the target with even more electricity. ta

Then I had the Black Stalker electrify all of the players, making them deal damage to each other if they stood too close.

More electricity! More power! Ruh ruh ruh ruh ruh!

Then I added an ability that pulled players up into the air, bouncing them up and down, flipping and bouncing around erratically!

This seemed like a great idea to me!

How realistic! (Cuz what’s more realistic than a Psychic Mushroom Tripod with Lightning powers, amrite??) 

So I proudly slapped the Black Stalker into the dungeon and we did a designer-only playtest.

The first few bosses went pretty well, some comments about needing better debuff icons, so-on.

Then we got to the Black Stalker.

I was super proud when I watched the Black Stalker fling Jeff Kaplan into the air, merrily bouncing around my screen in the air, well out of sight of anyone else on the team.

JeffKaplanIt was about 10 seconds before I heard a girlish scream, “AAAAAUUUGGGGH!!!!”

And Jeff tumbled out of his office into the hallway, rubbing his eyes in agony. “Oh god! What happened?! Oh god,” as he stumbled into my office.

Me: “You okay??”

Jeff: “You will NEVER believe the bug that just happened. I suddenly went flying, my camera went spinning and I couldn’t do ANYTHING.”

Me: “Oh. Yeah. That’s intentional. Pretty cool, right??”

Jeff: “WHAT?!! Dude, you just made me motion sick! Holy shit! You can’t just DO that.”

Me: “… wha?” Once he realized I was totally clueless, he sat down.

Me: “I’m sorry, I really didn’t mean to make you sick.”

Jeff: “It’s okay.

But let’s talk about this.

What were your goals?”

Me: “Well, I wanted to sell a psychic squish shrimp mushroom thing and create an experience no player has seen before.”

Jeff: “Okay, so that’s good, but can we do that without making them fly all over the place?”

Me: “Probably… but why not.”

Jeff: “Well, let’s look again at what’s going on here as a player experience instead of a designer experience.

Instead of focusing on what’s cool for you, what’s cool to THEM?”

Me: “Well… uhm, flying through the air is cool.”

Jeff: “The first time, yes. Doesn’t it get pretty repetitive though?”

Me: “That’s true. Maybe it could be toned down a bit…”

Jeff: “What happens if the healer or tank gets lifted into the air…?”

Me: “Er… well… I guess the party has a rough time… probably dies.”

Jeff: “So, lets fix it.”

A New Focus

So with a new mindset, I went in an made a few small tweaks:

  • The Black Stalker only lifted one person into the air
    • Someone who wasn’t the tank
  • The person lifted could cast spells
    • This let the healer keep doing their job
    • This let the party move closer to the healer if grabbed
  • The Static Charge could be dispelled
    • This gave the players an additional form of agency over the situation
  • Only one person could be the “Static Charged” target
    • This made it better for melee characters too
  • The person lifted would stop after being yanked up

The result was an encounter much more playable, still a bit annoying, but gave players the ability to use tools to improve their situation. The important part though was the change in focus – an encounter is meant for the players, not the designer.


I created a very technically cool boss around a very weird concept – a psychic alien mushroom stalker.

Unfortunately, I was pushing so hard to make that pet concept work technically, that the end result ended up ringing very hollow for the players.

So whenever you take a risk by putting too much effort into making your idea work, it needs to either make it easier for you to create future features or pay off in novel experiences for the players.

Before investing significant effort into your pet ideas, make sure to consider whether they will facilitate future features or provide players with engaging and novel experiences.

By the way…

If you enjoyed reading this post-mortem, here are the upcoming learning resources we’re planning to release including post-mortems, guides, fireside chats, and courses by other industry practitioners and I.

And if you need to develop the skills to get hired or level up your career as a professional game designer, here are 2 ways you can accelerate your learning curve:

  1. Join Funsmith Club Discord and get feedback on your game project, career decisions, job hunting process from game developers of all skill levels, including myself.
  2. Use the Game Design Skill Development Program to acquire the practical design analysis and decision-making skills and framework I’ve used to
    • Revamp the Warlock class into the best player-rated version through all of the World of Warcraft expansion packs.
    • Redesign the champion Xerath, support system, and ward system in League of Legends.
    • Train and mentor junior designers in Riot Games.
    • Design enemies, combat, and the UI for the Ori and The Will of The Wisps (Average 92.8/100 ratings by 23 top game rating sites).

6 Responses

  1. For some reason I never remember doing the Black Stalker. I probably Underbog maybe a handful of times, but compared to how many times I ran Slave Pens and Steamvault it was miniscule. That said, I loved Hungarfen and the look of the Underbog. I think it’s probably one of the few BC dungeons I still get that “Wow!” feeling from, simply because of how little I saw it during relevancy.

  2. Did Metzen really give you the initial idea for the Black Stalker? I’d always thought he was involved in higher company level stuff, not things like the bosses in 5-man dungeons.

  3. Black stalker was brutal back in the day. Very memorable. I’ve been a part of a few groups that cleared the Underbog no problemo save for the 5+ wipes on the Stalker. Loved that boss and the feeling that you are dealing with something you’ve never met before (electric telepathic tripod!) was very strong.

    Also, have you ever worked on the TK dungeons? The Arcatraz was really unique, anything you can share about it?

  4. Jeff: “What happens if the healer or tank gets lifted into the air…?”

    Me: “Er… well… I guess the party has a rough time… probably dies.”

    Jeff: “So, lets fix it.”


    I laughed.

    Talking about old stuff, you give me an idea – they should make these experiences playable “lvl cap”. I’ll share it after create a blog. But first I need to learn how to create. Damn.